The effect of cue content on retrieval from autobiographical memory

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dc.contributor.author Uzer, Tugba
dc.contributor.author Brown, Norman R.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-28T07:33:28Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-28T07:33:28Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.issn 0001-6918
dc.identifier.issn 1873-6297
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2016.11.012
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12485/302
dc.description.abstract It has long been argued that personal memories are usually generated in an effortful search process in word-cueing studies. However, recent research (Uzer, Lee, & Brown, 2012) shows that direct retrieval of autobiographical memories, in response to word cues, is common. This invites the question of whether direct retrieval phenomenon is generalizable beyond the standard laboratory paradigm. Here we investigated prevalence of direct retrieval of autobiographical memories cued by specific and individuated cues versus generic cues. In Experiment 1, participants retrieved memories in response to cues from their own life (e.g., the names of friends) and generic words (e.g., chair). In Experiment 2, participants provided their personal cues two or three months prior to coming to the lab (min: 75 days; max: 100 days). In each experiment, RT was measured and participants reported whether memories were directly retrieved or generated on each trial. Results showed that personal cues elicited a high rate of direct retrieval. Personal cues were more likely to elicit direct retrieval than generic word cues, and as a consequence, participants responded faster, on average, to the former than to the latter. These results challenge the constructive view of autobiographical memory and suggest that autobiographical memories consist of pre-stored event representations, which are largely governed by associative mechanisms. These demonstrations offer theoretically interesting questions such as why are we not overwhelmed with directly retrieved memories cued by everyday familiar surroundings? (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NSERC SSHRC en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Psychology en_US
dc.title The effect of cue content on retrieval from autobiographical memory en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal Acta psychologica
dc.identifier.startpage 84
dc.identifier.endpage 91
dc.identifier.volume 172

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