Local Governance Quality and the Environmental Cost of Forced Migration

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dc.contributor.author Tümen, Semih
dc.contributor.author Aksoy, Cevat Giray
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-02T12:06:21Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-02T12:06:21Z
dc.date.issued 2021-03
dc.identifier.issn 0304-3878
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2020.102603
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12485/755
dc.description.abstract Can high-quality local governance alleviate the environmental impact of large-scale refugee migration? The recent surge in refugee flows has brought additional challenges to local governments in Europe, the Middle East, and certain regions of Africa and Asia. In this paper, we focus on the case of Syrian refugees in Turkey and show that quality of local governance plays a critical role in mitigating environmental deterioration. Following the World Bank's Local Governance Performance Index, we employ text analysis methods to construct a unique data set on local governance quality from the independent audit reports on municipalities. Using an instrumental variable strategy, we show that the Syrian refugee influx has worsened environmental outcomes along several dimensions in Turkey. Specifically, we find that the deterioration in environmental outcomes is almost entirely driven by provinces with poor-quality governance. Those provinces fail to invest sufficiently in waste management practices and environmental services in response to increased refugee settlements. We argue that good local governance practices can smooth out the refugee integration process and complement the efforts of central governments. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier B.V. en_US
dc.subject Environment en_US
dc.subject Local governance en_US
dc.subject Syrian refugees en_US
dc.subject Text analysis en_US
dc.subject Waste management en_US
dc.title Local Governance Quality and the Environmental Cost of Forced Migration en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal ournal of Development Economics en_US
dc.identifier.startpage 1 en_US
dc.identifier.endpage 21 en_US
dc.identifier.volume 149 en_US

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