The effect of refugees on native adolescents' test scores: Quasi-experimental evidence from PISA

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dc.contributor.author Tümen, Semih
dc.date.accessioned 2021-08-24T13:48:51Z
dc.date.available 2021-08-24T13:48:51Z
dc.date.issued 2021-05
dc.identifier.issn 0304-3878
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2021.102633
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12485/782
dc.description.abstract Existing evidence suggests that low-skilled refugee influx may increase educational attainment among native adolescents due to reduced opportunities and returns in the lower segment of the labor market. In this paper, I test whether refugee influx can also increase the intensity of human capital accumulation among native adolescents who are enrolled in school. Using the PISA micro data and implementing a quasi-experimental empirical strategy designed to exploit (i) the time variation in regional refugee intensity and (ii) institutional setting in the Turkish public education system, I show that the Math, Science, and Reading scores of Turkish adolescents increased following the Syrian refugee influx. The increase in test scores mostly comes from the lower half of the test score distribution and from native adolescents with lower maternal education. The empirical design embeds a framework where the estimated refugee impact can solely be attributed to the labor market mechanism. In particular, I use the observation that refugee adolescents are enrolled more systematically into the Turkish education system after 2016, which gave me the opportunity to use 2015 and 2018 PISA waves in a way to isolate the effect of the labor market mechanism from the potentially negating force coming from the education experience mechanism. I conclude that the labor market forces that emerged in the aftermath of the refugee crisis have led native adolescents, who would normally perform worse in school, to take their high school education more seriously. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Syrian refugees en_US
dc.subject Test scores en_US
dc.subject PISA en_US
dc.subject Labor markets en_US
dc.title The effect of refugees on native adolescents' test scores: Quasi-experimental evidence from PISA en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.volume 150 en_US

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